Almost 1 million people die from HIV/AIDS each year; in some countries, it’s the leading cause of death
HIV/AIDS is one of the world’s most fatal infectious diseases – particularly across Sub-Saharan Africa, where the disease has had a massive impact on health outcomes and life expectancy in recent decades.
The Global Burden of Disease is a major global study on the causes of death and disease published in the medical journal The Lancet.1 These estimates of the annual number of deaths by cause are shown here. This chart is shown for the global total, but can be explored for any country or region using the “change country” toggle.
In the chart we see that, globally, it is the second most fatal infectious disease.
According to the Global Burden of Disease study, almost one million (954,000) people died from HIV/AIDS in 2017. To put this into context: this was just over 50% higher than the number of deaths from malaria in 2017.
It’s one of the largest killers globally; but for some countries – particularly across Sub-Saharan Africa, it’s the leading cause of death. If we look at the breakdown for South Africa, Botswana or Mozambique – which you can do on the interactive chart – we see that HIV/AIDS tops the list. For countries in Southern Sub-Saharan Africa, deaths from HIV/AIDS are more than 50% higher than deaths from heart disease, and more than twice that of cancer deaths.